Since science and technology have enhanced manufacturing, the importance of science and technology in agriculture cannot be overstated.
Farmers will also boost production by using hybrid plants, in addition to other emerging discoveries and creations. In the same way, science has made it possible to predict the right climate conditions for various crops.
What Is Science and Technology’s Position in Agriculture? Several technological advances, including the invention of genetically modified crops, robotics, the Internet of Things, refrigerated railcars, and lots of others, have contributed significantly to the agricultural sector’s productivity.
The Way Science and Technology Are Affecting Agriculture
Agriculture has a long tradition of using technologies to increase and enlarge crop yields. It’s altered the manner agriculturists run their businesses and can be transforming the shape of rural communities.
Agriculture has long been seen as a dirty job best left to rural places. However, the perception is shifting with the impact of technology. Science and technology have had an influence on the farming sector in a variety of areas.
The addition of machines on farms was among the first inventions that significantly influenced the business. Before these agricultural solutions, tasks on the farm were done entirely by hand. Mechanization was a substantial improvement for the agricultural sector.
— Vehicle transport
Farmers faced significant transport challenges. The expense of transporting farm produce has been quite substantial. Due to the space to purchase, most goods spoil before reaching the consumer, leading to a significant reduction for the farmer.
The invention of railroads was crucial in aiding in the resolution of this situation. Farm products could now be shipped much quicker and at a lower cost than the growth of railroad networks.
This strategy aided in increasing the farmer’s ROI. The introduction of refrigerated rail cars has changed the industry by allowing farmers to deliver perishable meats with refrigerated vehicles economically.
This equipment speeds up distribution while still maintaining the commodity by keeping it in a cozy setting. Planes, trucks, and barges, among other transportation methods, were invented to move agricultural goods from the farm to the marketplace.
Transportation technology advancements aided in reducing transport costs, opening new markets, and eventually improving quality and production in the agricultural sector.
— Improved Production
Farmers have long relied upon agricultural chemicals such as pesticides and insecticides to fight pests, reduce insect damage, and enhance yield. A number of these matters were seen as a consequence of experimental analysis.
Additionally, scientists conducted experiments and generated novel biotechnological technologies that may be used to create genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
— Utilizing Crops to Generate Power
Farmers have often grown plants for food and fiber. But, scientists have recently discovered that certain crops can be utilized as sources of energy. As a green solution to petroleum-based oil, soya bean-based biodiesel, and corn-based ethanol were created.
What Are the Science and Technology Challenges in Agriculture?
Among the significant problems of science and technology in agriculture is that it might have a significant environmental effect.
It results in squander by introducing pesticides and other contaminants into the water and air. Despite having a positive impact on crop production of LED lighting, these additives are harmful to the climate. In addition, heavy machinery and tilling machines on the soil can cause soil erosion and environmental corrosion. Another issue with science and technology in agriculture is that almost all farmers are illiterate and find it hard to follow new farming methods.